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Types of Cloud Load Balancing

The two broad categories of cloud load balancing are described below:

External load balancing

This cloud load balancing is used to distribute traffic from the Internet to a GCP network.

GCP external load balancing offers the following services:

HTTP or HTTPS traffic: global HTTP(S) Load Balancing

TCP traffic with and without SSL offload: global SSL Proxy Load Balancing

UDP traffic: regional Network TCP/UDP Load Balancing

IPv4 or IPv6 clients

Global or regional load balancing

Internal load balancing

Internal load balancing is used to distribute traffic to instances within a GCP network.

GCP Internal TCP/UDP Load Balancing offers the following services:

TCP or UDP traffic

RFC 1918 load balancing

The client IP address is preserved

Health checks

Autoscaling without prewarming

Session affinity

Regional load balancing

GCP Internal HTTP(S) Load Balancing (Beta) offers the following services:

HTTP(S) traffic

RFC 1918 load balancing

Health checks

Autoscaling without prewarming

Session affinity

Regional load balancing

Cloud Load Balancing uses Virtual Local Area Networks (VLANs) in order to avoid noisy neighbors and poor application performance in a public cloud environment. The task of VLAN is grouping network nodes in various geographic locations for communication as if they were present in the same physical location.

Several cloud providers offer cloud balancing technologies, like Amazon Web Services (AWS), Google, Microsoft Azure, and Rackspace. Cloud Load balancing users mostly include enterprises having large-scale applications that require high availability and performance, but any company can take advantage of the technology.

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